Evolution of coffee in Italy



Coffee is to an Italian as tea is to a Japanese, a culture , unfathomable if unassociated (which by the way would be a grave mistake!).

Making its way from Yemen to Arab countries to Mysore, coffee holds a significant importance in the Italian beverage culture. Regarded as the inventor of espresso and the coffee capital of the world, Italians have figuratively patented coffee. Venice introduced coffee to the rest of Europe and the very first coffee house was opened in Rome in 1605. Italians loves their Cappuccino with sprinklers; the Caffe-latte is usually enjoyed by adult and children alike in the breakfast. Italy’s Turin, a cultural powerhouse has their own coffee Bicerin, which is a blend of Cappuccino and hot -chocolate.

Coffee, ever since being introduced, has come a long way. From being the first nation to coin espresso to the  latest culture of coffee pods and capsules, Italy is sure finding new ways to keep up with their rapport of being global coffee leaders.

Espresso, the purest way you consume coffee beans in liquid formal, easily mistaken as a genre of coffee is actually the preparation method. A preparation method wherein highly pressurized hot water is forced upon the coffee ground in order to make a concentrated beverage. Named after the serving process as in expressly , the origin of this drink is still a matter of ambiguity.

Espresso machines were invented in the 19th century, when the coffee business was still trying to make its way to the national market, but nothing significant was coming out of it. Considering industrialization was at its peak with steam engine being the range,inventors tried to make sense of how to use the steam engine to brew coffee, with Angelo Moriondo getting the patent in 1884 as the new steam machinery for the economic and instantaneous confection of coffee beverages. Several improvements were made with time which included single shot espresso by Luigi Bezzera,resolving the issue of high pressure coffee spill by Desiderio Pavoni.WIth the replacement of steam and brass – chrome equipments by electricity and Art deco, umpteen experiments were tried and tested to make espresso machines more efficient, with Faema E61 developed by Ernesto Valente in 1950s being the most comprehensive one.

Cappuccino, a more than 100-years old coffee derived its name from the resemblance to the brown hooded dresses of the monks called cappuccino in Italian. This drink comprising of espresso, hot milk and milk foam grew popular among Italian in the 1900s when Luigi Bezerra devised an espresso machine that could produce single-shot coffee.

Caffe Latte, dates its nomenclature origin from the 1800s which also talked about its cafe roots being from America. Latte in Italian means milk , hence Caffe latte simply means coffee and milk.

Talking about the latest trends in Italy regarding coffee consumption, we have coffee pods, coffee capsules, waffles, solubles thereby making coffee more viable to consume:

Coffee pods are similar to tea-bags that need to be just dipped in the cup and are brewed immediately and efficiently.

Coffee capsules are essentially ground coffee contained in a aluminium foil capsule that needs a nespresso coffee machine or the likes of it to be brewed under high water pressure, when used in a closed system. The open system offers diversity when it comes to product range and the close system offers efficiency.

Coffee, is not just any beverage in Italy but a survival juice, a religion that’s keeping the mankind across the world united and sane.